Acute quadriplegic myopathy
Acute Quadriplegic Myopathy (AQM) is a specific acquired myopathy in ICU patients. Patients with AQM are characterized by severe muscle weakness and atrophy of spinal nerve innervated limb and trunk muscles, while cranial nerve innervated craniofacial muscles, sensory and cognitive functions are spared or less affected. The muscle weakness is associated with altered muscle membrane properties and a preferential loss of the motor protein myosin and myosin-associated thick filament proteins. Prolonged mechanical ventilation, muscle unloading, postsynaptic block of neuromuscular transmission, sepsis and systemic corticosteroid hormone treatment have been suggested as important triggering factors in AQM.
- acute quadriplegic myopathy