The gut microbiome composition associates with bipolar disorder and illness severity

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Needs review
study design
Citation
PMID PubMed identifier for scientific articles.
DOI Digital object identifier for electronic documents.
URI Uniform resource identifier for web resources.
Authors
Evans SJ, Bassis CM, Hein R, Assari S, Flowers SA, Kelly MB, Young VB, Ellingrod VE, McInnis MG
Journal
Journal of psychiatric research
Year
2017
The gut microbiome is emerging as an important factor in regulating mental health yet it remains unclear what the target should be for psychiatric treatment. We aimed to elucidate the complement of the gut-microbiome community for individuals with bipolar disorder relative to controls; and test for relationships with burden of disease measures. We compared the stool microbiome from individuals with bipolar disorder (n = 115) and control subjects (n = 64) using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequence analysis. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed global community case-control differences (AMOVA p = 0.047). Operational Taxonomical Unit (OTU) level analysis revealed significantly decreased fractional representation (p < 0.001) of Faecalibacterium after adjustment for age, sex, BMI and false discovery rate (FDR) correction at the p < 0.05 level. Within individuals with bipolar disorder, the fractional representation of Faecalibacterium associated with better self-reported health outcomes based on the Short Form Health Survey (SF12); the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9); the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD7); and the Altman Mania Rating Scale (ASRM), independent of covariates. This study provides the first detailed analysis of the gut microbiome relationships with multiple psychiatric domains from a bipolar population. The data support the hypothesis that targeting the microbiome may be an effective treatment paradigm for bipolar disorder.

Experiment 1


Needs review

Curated date: 2021/01/10

Curator: WikiWorks743

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks753, WikiWorks743

Subjects

Location of subjects
United States of America
Host species Species from which microbiome was sampled (if applicable)
Homo sapiens
Body site Anatomical site where microbial samples were extracted from according to the Uber Anatomy Ontology
Feces Cow dung,Cow pat,Droppings,Dung,Excrement,Excreta,Faeces,Fecal material,Fecal matter,Fewmet,Frass,Guano,Matières fécales@fr,Merde@fr,Ordure,Partie de la merde@fr,Piece of shit,Porción de mierda@es,Portion of dung,Portion of excrement,Portion of faeces,Portion of fecal material,Portion of fecal matter,Portion of feces,Portion of guano,Portion of scat,Portionem cacas,Scat,Spoor,Spraint,Stool,Teil der fäkalien@de,Feces
Condition The experimental condition / phenotype studied according to the Experimental Factor Ontology
unipolar depression Depression,Depression, Emotional,Depression, Endogenous,Depression, Involutional,Depression, Neurotic,Depression, Unipolar,Depressions,Depressions, Emotional,Depressions, Endogenous,Depressions, Neurotic,Depressions, Unipolar,DEPRESSIVE DIS,DEPRESSIVE DIS MAJOR,Depressive Disorder,Depressive Disorder, Major,Depressive Disorders,Depressive Disorders, Major,Depressive Neuroses,Depressive Neurosis,Depressive Symptom,Depressive Symptoms,Depressive Syndrome,Depressive Syndromes,Disorder, Depressive,Disorder, Major Depressive,Disorders, Depressive,Disorders, Major Depressive,Emotional Depression,Emotional Depressions,Endogenous Depression,Endogenous Depressions,Involutional Depression,Involutional Psychoses,Involutional Psychosis,MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DIS,major depressive disorder,Major Depressive Disorders,Neuroses, Depressive,Neurosis, Depressive,Neurotic Depression,Neurotic Depressions,Paraphrenia, Involutional,Psychoses, Involutional,Psychosis, Involutional,Symptom, Depressive,Symptoms, Depressive,Syndrome, Depressive,Syndromes, Depressive,Unipolar Depressions,unipolar depression
Group 0 name Corresponds to the control (unexposed) group for case-control studies
healthy controls
Group 1 name Corresponds to the case (exposed) group for case-control studies
bipolar
Group 0 sample size Number of subjects in the control (unexposed) group
64
Group 1 sample size Number of subjects in the case (exposed) group
115

Lab analysis

Sequencing type
16S
16S variable region One or more hypervariable region(s) of the bacterial 16S gene
V4
Sequencing platform Manufacturer and experimental platform used for quantifying microbial abundance
Illumina

Statistical Analysis

Statistical test
Logistic Regression
Significance threshold p-value or FDR threshold used for differential abundance testing (if any)
0.05
MHT correction Have statistical tests be corrected for multiple hypothesis testing (MHT)?
Yes


Confounders controlled for Confounding factors that have been accounted for by stratification or model adjustment
age, "sex and body mass index" is not in the list (abnormal glucose tolerance, acetaldehyde, acute graft vs. host disease, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, adenoma, age, AIDS, alcohol consumption measurement, alcohol drinking, ...) of allowed values for the "Confounders controlled for" property.sex and body mass index


Signature 1

Needs review

Curated date: 2019-04-26

Curator: Fatima Zohra

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks743

Source: table 2

Description: the gut microbiome composition associates with bipolar disorder and illness severity

Abundance in Group 1: decreased abundance in bipolar

NCBI Links
Faecalibacterium

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks743