Possible association of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus in the gut microbiota of patients with major depressive disorder

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DOI Digital object identifier for electronic documents.
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Aizawa E, Tsuji H, Asahara T, Takahashi T, Teraishi T, Yoshida S, Ota M, Koga N, Hattori K, Kunugi H
Journal of affective disorders
BACKGROUND: Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus in the gut have been suggested to have a beneficial effect on stress response and depressive disorder. We examined whether these bacterial counts are reduced in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) than in healthy controls. METHOD: Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus counts in fecal samples were estimated in 43 patients and 57 controls using bacterial rRNA-targeted reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction RESULTS: The patients had significantly lower Bifidobacterium counts (P=0.012) and tended to have lower Lactobacillus counts (P=0.067) than the controls. Individuals whose bacterial counts below the optimal cut-off point (9.53 and 6.49log10 cells/g for Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus, respectively) were significantly more common in the patients than in the controls for both bacteria (Bifidobacterium: odds ratio 3.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.38-7.54, P=0.010; Lactobacillus: 2.57, 95% CI 1.14-5.78, P=0.027). Using the same cut-off points, we observed an association between the bacterial counts and Irritable bowel syndrome. Frequency of fermented milk consumption was associated with higher Bifidobacterium counts in the patients. LIMITATIONS: The findings should be interpreted with caution since effects of gender and diet were not fully taken into account in the analysis. CONCLUSION: Our results provide direct evidence, for the first time, that individuals with lower Bifidobacterium and/or Lactobacillus counts are more common in patients with MDD compared to controls. Our findings provide new insight into the pathophysiology of MDD and will enhance future research on the use of pro- and prebiotics in the treatment of MDD.

Experiment 1

Needs review

Curated date: 2021/01/10

Curator: WikiWorks743

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks753, WikiWorks743


Location of subjects
Host species Species from which microbiome was sampled (if applicable)
Homo sapiens
Body site Anatomical site where microbial samples were extracted from according to the Uber Anatomy Ontology
Feces Cow dung,Cow pat,Droppings,Dung,Excrement,Excreta,Faeces,Fecal material,Fecal matter,Fewmet,Frass,Guano,Matières fécales@fr,Merde@fr,Ordure,Partie de la merde@fr,Piece of shit,Porción de mierda@es,Portion of dung,Portion of excrement,Portion of faeces,Portion of fecal material,Portion of fecal matter,Portion of feces,Portion of guano,Portion of scat,Portionem cacas,Scat,Spoor,Spraint,Stool,Teil der fäkalien@de,Feces
Condition The experimental condition / phenotype studied according to the Experimental Factor Ontology
unipolar depression Depression,Depression, Emotional,Depression, Endogenous,Depression, Involutional,Depression, Neurotic,Depression, Unipolar,Depressions,Depressions, Emotional,Depressions, Endogenous,Depressions, Neurotic,Depressions, Unipolar,DEPRESSIVE DIS,DEPRESSIVE DIS MAJOR,Depressive Disorder,Depressive Disorder, Major,Depressive Disorders,Depressive Disorders, Major,Depressive Neuroses,Depressive Neurosis,Depressive Symptom,Depressive Symptoms,Depressive Syndrome,Depressive Syndromes,Disorder, Depressive,Disorder, Major Depressive,Disorders, Depressive,Disorders, Major Depressive,Emotional Depression,Emotional Depressions,Endogenous Depression,Endogenous Depressions,Involutional Depression,Involutional Psychoses,Involutional Psychosis,MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DIS,major depressive disorder,Major Depressive Disorders,Neuroses, Depressive,Neurosis, Depressive,Neurotic Depression,Neurotic Depressions,Paraphrenia, Involutional,Psychoses, Involutional,Psychosis, Involutional,Symptom, Depressive,Symptoms, Depressive,Syndrome, Depressive,Syndromes, Depressive,Unipolar Depressions,unipolar depression
Group 0 name Corresponds to the control (unexposed) group for case-control studies
Group 1 name Corresponds to the case (exposed) group for case-control studies
Group 0 sample size Number of subjects in the control (unexposed) group
Group 1 sample size Number of subjects in the case (exposed) group

Lab analysis

Sequencing type
Sequencing platform Manufacturer and experimental platform used for quantifying microbial abundance

Statistical Analysis

Statistical test
Mann-Whitney (Wilcoxon)
Significance threshold p-value or FDR threshold used for differential abundance testing (if any)
MHT correction Have statistical tests be corrected for multiple hypothesis testing (MHT)?

Signature 1

Needs review

Curated date: 2019-04-27

Curator: Fatima Zohra

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks743

Source: Figure 1

Description: Differential abundance of gut microbiota of patients with major depressive disorder

Abundance in Group 1: decreased abundance in MDD

NCBI Links
Amylolactobacillus amylophilus

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks743