Airway Microbial Diversity is Inversely Associated with Mite-Sensitized Rhinitis and Asthma in Early Childhood

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Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/06/23
study design
Citation
PMID PubMed identifier for scientific articles.
DOI Digital object identifier for electronic documents.
URI
Authors
Chiu CY, Chan YL, Tsai YS, Chen SA, Wang CJ, Chen KF, Chung IF
Journal
Scientific reports
Year
2017
Microbiota plays an important role in regulating immune responses associated with atopic diseases. We sought to evaluate relationships among airway microbiota, serum IgE levels, allergic sensitization and their relevance to rhinitis and asthma. Microbial characterization was performed using Illumina-based 16S rRNA gene sequencing of 87 throat swabs collected from children with asthma (n = 32) and rhinitis (n = 23), and from healthy controls (n = 32). Data analysis was performed using QIIME (Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology) v1.8. Significantly higher abundance of Proteobacteria was found in children with rhinitis than in the healthy controls (20.1% vs. 16.1%, P = 0.009). Bacterial species richness (Chao1 index) and diversity (Shannon index) were significantly reduced in children with mite sensitization but not in those with food or IgE sensitization. Compared with healthy children without mite sensitization, the mite-sensitized children with rhinitis and asthma showed significantly lower Chao1 and Shannon indices. Moraxella and Leptotrichia species were significantly found in the interaction of mite sensitization with rhinitis and asthma respectively. Airway microbial diversity appears to be inversely associated with sensitization to house dust mites. A modulation between airway dysbiosis and responses to allergens may potentially cause susceptibility to rhinitis and asthma in early childhood.

Experiment 1


Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/06/23

Curated date: 2021/01/10

Curator: WikiWorks

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks

Subjects

Location of subjects
China
Host species Species from which microbiome was sampled (if applicable)
Homo sapiens
Body site Anatomical site where microbial samples were extracted from according to the Uber Anatomy Ontology
Throat Gula,Throat
Condition The experimental condition / phenotype studied according to the Experimental Factor Ontology
asthma Airway hyperreactivity,asthma,Asthma (disorder),Asthma NOS,Asthma NOS (disorder),ASTHMA NOS W (AC) EXAC,Asthma unspecified,Asthma unspecified (disorder),Asthma, Bronchial,Asthma, unspecified,Asthma, unspecified type, with acute exacerbation,Asthma, unspecified type, without mention of status asthmaticus,Asthmas,Asthmatic,BHR - Bronchial hyperreactivity,Bronchial asthma,Bronchial Hyperreactivities,Bronchial hyperreactivity,bronchial hyperreactivity,Bronchial hyperresponsiveness,Bronchial hypersensitivity,chronic obstructive asthma,chronic obstructive asthma with acute exacerbation,chronic obstructive asthma with status asthmaticus,DUST PNEUMONOPATHY NEC,Exercise induced asthma,exercise induced asthma,Exercise-induced asthma,exercise-induced asthma,Exercise-induced asthma (disorder),Hyperreactive airway disease,Hyperreactive airways disease,Hyperreactivities, Bronchial,Hyperreactivity, Bronchial,Other forms of asthma,Pneumonopathy due to inhalation of other dust,Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust,Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust (disorder),Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust NOS,Pneumopathy due to inhalation of other dust NOS (disorder)
Group 0 name Corresponds to the control (unexposed) group for case-control studies
healthy control
Group 1 name Corresponds to the case (exposed) group for case-control studies
asthma
Group 1 definition Diagnostic criteria applied to define the specific condition / phenotype represented in the case (exposed) group
child age 3-5 diagnosed as ever having asthma with the occurrence of recurrent wheeze in the last 12 months, or current use of asthma medication
Group 0 sample size Number of subjects in the control (unexposed) group
32
Group 1 sample size Number of subjects in the case (exposed) group
32
Antibiotics exclusion Number of days without antibiotics usage (if applicable) and other antibiotics-related criteria used to exclude participants (if any)
4 weeks

Lab analysis

Sequencing type
16S
16S variable region One or more hypervariable region(s) of the bacterial 16S gene
V3-V4
Sequencing platform Manufacturer and experimental platform used for quantifying microbial abundance
Illumina

Statistical Analysis

Statistical test
Mann-Whitney (Wilcoxon)
Significance threshold p-value or FDR threshold used for differential abundance testing (if any)
0.05
MHT correction Have statistical tests be corrected for multiple hypothesis testing (MHT)?
Yes

Alpha Diversity

Shannon Estimator of species richness and species evenness: more weight on species richness
unchanged
Chao1 Abundance-based estimator of species richness
unchanged
Richness Number of species
unchanged

Signature 1

Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/06/23

Curated date: 2021/01/10

Curator: Lucy Mellor

Revision editor(s): Claregrieve1, WikiWorks

Source: Table 2

Description: Differences and comparisons of bacteria in phyla and genera among children with asthma and health controls

Abundance in Group 1: increased abundance in asthma

NCBI Quality ControlLinks
Selenomonas

Revision editor(s): Claregrieve1, WikiWorks

Signature 2

Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/06/23

Curated date: 2021/01/10

Curator: Lucy Mellor

Revision editor(s): Claregrieve1, WikiWorks

Source: Table 2

Description: Differences and comparisons of bacteria in phyla and genera among children with asthma and health controls

Abundance in Group 1: decreased abundance in asthma

NCBI Quality ControlLinks
Butyrivibrio
Parvimonas

Revision editor(s): Claregrieve1, WikiWorks

Experiment 2


Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/06/23

Curated date: 2021/01/10

Curator: WikiWorks

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks

Differences from previous experiment shown

Subjects

Condition The experimental condition / phenotype studied according to the Experimental Factor Ontology
allergic rhinitis allergic form of rhinitis,allergic rhinitis,Alrh,atopic rhinitis,non-seasonal allergic rhinitis,Perenial allergic rhinitis,perennial allergic rhinitis,pollenosis,seasonal allergic rhinitis
Group 1 name Corresponds to the case (exposed) group for case-control studies
allergic rhinitis
Group 1 definition Diagnostic criteria applied to define the specific condition / phenotype represented in the case (exposed) group
child age 3-5 diagnosed as having symptoms such as sneezing, nasal congestion, itching, and rhinorrhea in the last 12 months
Group 1 sample size Number of subjects in the case (exposed) group
23

Lab analysis

Statistical Analysis

Alpha Diversity

Shannon Estimator of species richness and species evenness: more weight on species richness
unchanged
Chao1 Abundance-based estimator of species richness
unchanged
Richness Number of species
unchanged

Signature 1

Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/06/23

Curated date: 2021/01/10

Curator: Lucy Mellor

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks

Source: Table 2, Text

Description: Differences and comparisons of bacteria in phlya and genera among children with allergic rhinitis and health controls

Abundance in Group 1: increased abundance in allergic rhinitis

NCBI Quality ControlLinks
Moraxella
Neisseria
Haemophilus
Fusobacterium
Porphyromonas
Pseudomonadota

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks

Signature 2

Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/06/23

Curated date: 2021/01/10

Curator: Lucy Mellor

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks

Source: Table 2, Text

Description: Differences and comparisons of bacteria in phlya and genera among children with allergic rhinitis and health controls

Abundance in Group 1: decreased abundance in allergic rhinitis

NCBI Quality ControlLinks
Butyrivibrio
Aggregatibacter
Moryella

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks