Effect of endometriosis on the fecal bacteriota composition of mice during the acute phase of lesion formation

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Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/11/7
study design
Citation
PMID PubMed identifier for scientific articles.
DOI Digital object identifier for electronic documents.
URI Uniform resource identifier for web resources.
Authors
Hantschel J, Weis S, Schäfer KH, Menger MD, Kohl M, Egert M, Laschke MW
Journal
PloS one
Year
2019
Accumulating evidence indicates that there is an interaction between the gut microbiota and endometriotic lesions. The new formation of these lesions is associated with stem cell recruitment, angiogenesis and inflammation, which may affect the composition of the gut microbiota. To test this hypothesis, we herein induced endometriotic lesions by transplantation of uterine tissue fragments from green fluorescent protein (GFP)+ donor mice into the peritoneal cavity of GFP- C57BL/6 wild-type mice. Sham-transplanted animals served as controls. Fecal pellets of the animals were collected 3 days before as well as 7 and 21 days after the induction of endometriosis to analyze the composition of the gut microbiota by means of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. The transplantation of uterine tissue fragments resulted in the establishment of endometriotic lesions in all analyzed mice. These lesions exhibited a typical histomorphology with endometrial glands surrounded by a vascularized stroma. Due to their bright GFP signal, they could be easily differentiated from the surrounding GFP- host tissue. Bacterial 16S rRNA genes were successfully PCR-amplified from the DNA extracts of all obtained mice fecal samples. However, no significant effect of endometriosis induction on the composition of the bacterial microbiota was detected with our experimental setup. Our findings allow careful speculation that endometriosis in mice does not induce pronounced dysbiosis during the acute phase of lesion formation.

Experiment 1


Reviewed Marked as Reviewed by Claregrieve1 on 2022/11/7

Curated date: 2021/08/11

Curator: Samara.Khan

Revision editor(s): WikiWorks753, Samara.Khan, Claregrieve1

Subjects

Location of subjects
United States of America
Host species Species from which microbiome was sampled (if applicable)
Mus musculus
Body site Anatomical site where microbial samples were extracted from according to the Uber Anatomy Ontology
Feces Cow dung,Cow pat,Droppings,Dung,Excrement,Excreta,Faeces,Fecal material,Fecal matter,Fewmet,Frass,Guano,Matières fécales@fr,Merde@fr,Ordure,Partie de la merde@fr,Piece of shit,Porción de mierda@es,Portion of dung,Portion of excrement,Portion of faeces,Portion of fecal material,Portion of fecal matter,Portion of feces,Portion of guano,Portion of scat,Portionem cacas,Scat,Spoor,Spraint,Stool,Teil der fäkalien@de,Feces
Condition The experimental condition / phenotype studied according to the Experimental Factor Ontology
endometriosis endometriosis,Endometriosis (clinical),endometriosis (disease),Endometriosis (disorder),Endometriosis (morphologic abnormality),ENDOMETRIOSIS NEC,Endometriosis NOS,Endometriosis NOS (disorder),Endometriosis of other specified sites,Endometriosis, site unspecified
Group 0 name Corresponds to the control (unexposed) group for case-control studies
Non-endo mice
Group 1 name Corresponds to the case (exposed) group for case-control studies
Endo mice
Group 1 definition Diagnostic criteria applied to define the specific condition / phenotype represented in the case (exposed) group
Mice for whom endometrial tissue was transplanted into the peritoneal cavity to simulate endometriosis
Group 0 sample size Number of subjects in the control (unexposed) group
8
Group 1 sample size Number of subjects in the case (exposed) group
8
Antibiotics exclusion Number of days without antibiotics usage (if applicable) and other antibiotics-related criteria used to exclude participants (if any)
None were given prior to the start of the experiment

Lab analysis

Sequencing type
16S
16S variable region One or more hypervariable region(s) of the bacterial 16S gene
V4-V5
Sequencing platform Manufacturer and experimental platform used for quantifying microbial abundance
Illumina

Statistical Analysis

Statistical test
Mann-Whitney (Wilcoxon)
Significance threshold p-value or FDR threshold used for differential abundance testing (if any)
0.05
MHT correction Have statistical tests be corrected for multiple hypothesis testing (MHT)?
Yes


Alpha Diversity

Shannon Estimator of species richness and species evenness: more weight on species richness
unchanged
Chao1 Abundance-based estimator of species richness
unchanged
Simpson Estimator of species richness and species evenness: more weight on species evenness
unchanged
Richness Number of species
unchanged